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Sunday, 27 January 2013

Prepositions



          Prepositions are used to show positions, directions , time , etc 
          Prepositions of Place of Positions
   
                in , on , at , under , above , against , beside , behind , between          

 Examples :
He put the money in his pocket.
Alvin is standing on the chair.
Someone is at the door.
Johnny hid under the table.
He held the paper above his head.
Lina leaned against the wall.
Sarimah walked beside her mother
Sanson was chained between two pillars.
My school is beside a big mosque.

Prepositions of Directions
( to , over , from , along , across , around , up , down )
Examples :
Basri cycle to the left.
The deer jumped over the fence.
They arrived from Singapore yesterday.
I saw him swimming along the river.
The little boy ran across the road.
She became dizzy running around the field.
They kept climbing up and down the tree.
Preposition of Time
( in , on , at , for , during , since , after , before )
Examples:
My uncle died in 1980.
The show is on Monday.
The train will leave at 8.00 p.m.
He studied all day for two days.
Nina visited us during the holidays.
We have not gone jogging since Sunday.
They went shopping after dinner.
She brushed her teeth before going to bed.
              Over , beside, across , in , around , to , with ,Over , on , after, before
          Choose the correct answers
          1. The boys ran ….. the road.
          2. Ranjita went back ...Singapore yesterday.
          3. The workmen built a bridge ….. the river.
          4. Don’t walk ….. the grass.
          5. The policemen ran ….. the thieves.
          6. Ahmad beat the dog …. a stick.
          7. There is a large compound …. his house.
               8. Please put your books …. your drawer       
           9. My good friend is sitting …. me.
          10. A bird flew ….. our heads
          11. My books are …. the big table.
          12. The children ran …. the park.
          13. Yesterday my parents went …. the town to buy my books.
          14. The girl wrote a story …. her new pen.
          15. The dark clouds are moving  ….. the tree in the jungle.
          16. I usually wash my hands ….. my lunch and dinner.
          17. I have many pencils ….. my new pencil box.
               18. I usually read a story book ….. I go to bed        
          Fill in the blanks with ‘in’,’on’, or’at’.
          1. “Karin you are sitting …. my bed!” screamed his sister.
          2.Jalil goes to his office ….. eight o’clock every morning.
          3.Do not keep dried fish …… your cupboard.
          4. There is a lizard ….. the dinning table.
          5. He lives ….. that old gloomy house.
          6. The old wooden boat was …. the dockyard when it sank.
          7. He sat unknowingly ….. the broken chair and fell down.
          8. He will meet us …..he bookshop at five o’clock.
             9. The logs are towed down the river….. rafts.
          10. We have kept the jewellery …….the bank's safe deposit box.
          11. Who else was there ….. the meeting?
          12.She has a birthmark ….. her right cheek.
          13.Kamariah arranged the things …..the cupboard neatly.
          14. ….. the eve of Chinese New Year, the Chinese have a big feast.
               15. It is very cold ….. the top of Mount Kinabalu    
          Underline the correct words.
          1.The land lord asked his tenant to pay the rent
          ( on, by, with ) tomorrow.
          2. I dare not go (on, by, near ) the dog. It is very fierce.
          3. We have not seen him( to , for ,from) a week.
          4. Ahmad’s burger still is ( across, by, for ) the beach.
           5. The durian is the most popular fruit ( among , with , between) Malaysians.
          6. The vase fell from the table (in, into , onto) the floor.
          7.Never try to walk ( above, over, across ) a busy road.
          8. She wanted to sit ( in front of, above , near ) the class so that she could see the board clearly.
          9.A few houses can be found( along , over, above) the road.
          10. They went ( near , over , around) the neighbourhood looking for my house.
          11. At the stadium, the girls sat in the row ( over, below, from )us.
          12. We have not had a drink ( for, from, since ) this morning.
          13. The telephone operator put me ( across, over , through) to the hospital.
          14. ( During, From, Over ) the examination, a few boys were caught cheating.
          15.  (To , From, With )whom did you get these roller – blades
          16. The movie will be shown from 9.00 a.m.  (over, to , since   )10.30 a.m.
          17. The teacher asked me to stand   (across beside into ) Nawawi.
          18.Can I walk ( between, across, over ) the two of you.?
          19. The beggar’s hut is ( across , over , between) the river.
          20. The naughty boy climbed ( across, above , over ) the school gate.
          Fill in the blanks with the words given.
          At         by     into     in           during
          Along   to      for       before    from
          Durian season is …..June.  …….this season, you can see many stalls selling these fruit…..the Cheras –Seremban road. The durians sold there are mostly …..the orchards in Ulu Langat. To get cheaper durians, it is better to go ….. the orchards. You have to early in the morning, otherwise, you cannot get any. ……..noon, most of the fruit have been sold. ……the orchards, the farmers collect these fruit and put them ….. big baskets tied onto their motorcycles. Then they ride their motorcycles to the main road and wait….. customers. Sometimes they just heap the fruit….. the road.

Saturday, 26 May 2012

The Past Continuous Tense

• The Past Continuous Tense is used:
• To show a continuous action that happened at some specified or
unspecified time in the past.

• Example:

• I was listening to the radio just now.
• Kim was watching television a few minutes ago.
• He was working from seven to eleven last night.
• She was cooking at 9.00am in the morning.
• The dog was barking loudly last night.
• To show two actions that happened at the same time

• Example:

• While I was bathing the telephone rang.
• While she was reading a book the thief came in.
• We were studying when the headmaster came in.
• Kassim was painting the gate when he sipped an fell.
• The children were playing in the garden when they saw a snake
• To show two actions that happened at the same time

• Example:
• He
• She
• It was writing on the board just now.
• Ali cooking in the kitchen in the morning.
• My friend
• I


• You
• We
• They were writing on the board just now.
• The boys cooking in the kitchen in the morning.

• Underline the correct words

• 1. The men ( was gambling , were gambling ) when the policemen arrived.
• 2. Tha women ( was quarreling , were quarreling ) over their children.
• 3. We ( was taking , were taking ) photographs when the storm started.
• 4. I ( was introducing , were introducing ) Abu to Ling when you
interrupted us.
• 5. As she ( was going , were goin ) upstairs, someone knocked on the
door.
• 6. As they ( was climbing , were climbing ) over the fence, the gardener
saw them.
• 7. While Fong and Lim ( was fishing , were fishing ), they saw a little
boy drowning.
• 8. While my mother ( was washing , were washing ) the clothes, the
postman came.
• 9. He ( was looking , were looking ) at the sky when a big bird flew
past.
• 10.A motorcyclist honked at me while I ( was crossing , were crossing )
the road.
• 11.The bagger ( was walking , were walking ) to the stall when the car
knocked him down.
12. The hunter ( was hunting , were hunting ) in the jungle when he saw
a giant

• Fill in the correct answer

• 1. I was afraid as it ……… and nobody at home. ( rain )
• 2. He ……… in London a few years ago . ( live )
• 3. Amalludin called while we ……. dinner in the kitchen. ( have )
• 4. The naughty boy …… of a few tricks to cheat the policeman. ( think )
• 5. It ……. when I left my house this morning ( rain )
• 6. Puan Asiah …….. when Satvin walked into the classroom.
• 7. The two girls …….. along the road when the accident happened.
• 8. Sheela ……. her homework while her brother was watching
television.
9 Azlina while we …….. at Bintang superstore. ( shop )
• 10. Jamal …….. his guitar when the teacher called him to the office.
( play )
• 11. While Farid ……. his homework the lights went out. ( do )
• 12. My mother …… all yesterday morning. ( cook )
• 13. It ……. When I got out of bed. ( rain )
• 14. While he …… across the road, the car knocked him down. ( run )
• 15. She ….. her hair when I left the house. ( comb )
• 16.While the train …… the boy jumped off. ( move )

• Write out these sentences putting in the Past Continuous Tense of the
verbs in brackets.
• 1. The bird …… ( fly ) away when he shot it.
• 2. While we ….. ( cycle ) it started to rain.
• 3. The girls ….. ( sew ) at 1o’clock this afternoon.
• 4. John ….. ( sleep ) all yesterday afternoon.
• 5. My little sister …. ( cry ) all yesterday morning because she was
sick.
• 6. I ….. ( go ) to the shop when I saw my teacher.
• 7. While they …..( talk ) it started to rain heavily.
• 8. While the boys ….. ( run ) , the dog bit them.
• 9. While the people…. ( clap ), the curtain fell.
• 10. I ….. ( swim ) when he called me.
• 11. Alice ….. ( read ) when her friend came .
• 12. While I …. ( eat ), the cat jumped on the table.
• 13. He ….. ( dig ) in the garden all day yesterday.
• 14. While they….. ( row ) in the sea, the storm started.
• 15. The sun ….. ( shine ) brightly when we went out.
• Change these sentences from the Simple Past Tense to the Past Continuous
Tense.
• 1. The waiter talked to us.
• …………………………………………………..
• 2. Swee Lan sang sweetly.
• …………………………………………………..
• 3. Rama used my pencil yesterday.
• …………………………………………………….
• 4. It rained heavily just now.
• …………………………………………………..
• 5. The girl danced gracefully at the concert.
• ……………………………………………………..
• 6. Siti counted the money carefully.
• ………………………………………………..
• 7. Two weeks ago we hiked in Cameron Highlands.
• …………………………………………………
• 8. The boys fished in the river yesterday.
• …………………………………………………….
• 9. I slept all afternoon.
• …………………………………………………..
10. The clock struck twelve when my brother came home last night.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Tuesday, 8 May 2012

present continuous tense

• The present Continuous tense is used to show that an action is still
going on at the time of speaking. It is formed by using ‘am’, ‘is’ or
‘are’ t ‘ing’ form of the verb.
• Example
• 1. Now I am having my lunch.
• 2. He is driving home now.
• 3. We are studying in the room now.
4. The boys are swimming in the river
• Underline the correct words
• 1. Beware! The enemies ( is preparing, are preparing ) to attack.
• 2. Some people ( is complaining, are complaining ) about the clogged
drain.
• 3. They ( is fighting , are fighting ) over a small matter.
• 4. His top ( is spinning , are spinning ) very fast.
• 5. We ( is discussing , are discussing ) our plans for the weekend.
• 6. The man ( is scolding , are scolding ) his children.
• 7. The policemen ( is checking , are checking ) the mototrists’ licences.
• 8. The ministers ( is debating , are debating ) in the Parliament House.
• 9. The boys ( are playing , is playing ) in the big field.
• 10. My friend ( are writing , is writing ) an essay for the competition.
• 11. The teacher ( are teaching , is teaching ) in the classroom.
• 12. The big house ( is burning , are burning ) now.
• 13. The baby ( are crying , is crying ) because he is sick.
• 14. The football players ( are resting , is resting ) under the shady
tree.
• 15. The man( is scolding , are scolding ) the boys who stole the
rambutans in his orchard.
• 16. I ( am inviting , is inviting ) my friends to my house for the party.
• 17. The wind ( is blowing , are blowing ) strongly.
• Write the correct sentences.
• 1. I …….. my favourite food. ( eat )
• 2. The cat …… the bird in the field.( chase )
• 3. The boys ….. in the classroom. ( laugh )
• 4. My mother ….. to the market to get some vegetables.( walk )
• 5. The sun ….. brightly so we can go fishing. ( shine )
• 6. The butcher ….. the fresh meat at the market.
• ( sell )
• 7. Prishvindip ……. her favourite song in the school hall.( sing )
• 8. Anis ……. her long hair with a comb. ( comb )

Sunday, 8 April 2012

THE PAST TENSE

Past Tense
• Give the simple past tense form of the following words.
• 1. ask ….. 2. enter …..
• 3. win ….. 4. drive …..
• 5. draw….. 6. write …..
• 7. paint ….. 7. swim …..
• 9. cook ….. 10. wash …..
• 11. catch …. 12. throw …..
• 13. bring ….. 14. fly …..
• 15. blow ….. 16. skip…..
• 17. cry ….. 18. laugh…..
• 19. hide ….. 20. push…..
• 21.throw ….. 22. sweep …..
• 23. spend…. 24. win …..
• 25. think ….. 26. take…. .
• 27. shoot.. . . 28. sink. . .
29. kneel. . . . 30. hurry..
31.divide …. 32. speak …
• 33. give ….. 34. throw ….
• 35. begin …. 36.keep …
37. get

• Underline the correct words
• 1. John ( walk , walked ) to the shops just now.
• 2. Hadi ( give , gave ) me a calendar.
• 3. Halimah ( buy , bought ) an old chair from the garage sale.
• 4. The bus driver ( drive , drove ) very fast to reach Melaka in two hours
• 5. Our neighbour has ( buy , bought ) another house.
• 6. Keshvin ( put , puts ) the flowers there just now.
7. I ( read , reads ) a frightening story last night
• 8. They ( close , closed ) the shops when the lights went out.
• 9. Basri ( lost , lose ) his money while playing on the field.
• 10. Rahman and Lim ( hear , heard ) the news on radio just now.
• 11. Shanti ( find , found ) some old books in the store.
• 12. Kim Seng ( slept , sleep ) for almost two hours.
• 13. Mustapha ( refuse , refused ) to go up the stage.
14. The child ( say , said ) his prayers to go up the stage
• 15. The people ( rushed , rushes ) out of the building when they heard
the explosion.
• 16. I ( catched , caught ) a few grasshoppers to feed my bird.
• 17. Aini ( drank , drink ) a glass of milo before going to bed.
• 18. Hee Kim ( cut , cutted ) out the pictures with a blade.
• 19. Muthu ( break , broke ) his leg yesterday.
• 20. Salim ( washed , washes ) his shoes last weekend.

• Underline the correct words.
• When Encik Hassan ….. ( is , was ) a young boy, he….. ( help , helped ) his father on his small farm. They were very poor and ….. ( earned , earns ) very little from the products they …..( sell , sold ).
• Today Encik Hassan is a very successful businessman. He still ….. ( deal , deals ) in farm products but, he does not work on the farm any
more.His farm is large and he ….. ( employ , employs ) many workers. His
workers …..( do , does ) all the work on the farm. He just manages the
business. His son, Rahim, …..( keeps , keep) the accounts.
Next year Encik Hassan ….. ( will retire , retires )Rahim …..
( will take ,shall take ) over the business

Fill in the blanks with the Past Tense form of the verbs in the brackets
• 1. My brother ….. a pen yesterday. ( buy )
• 2. We ….. our friend in the hospital this morning.(meet )
• 3. I ….. out of the window and saw the accident. ( look )
• 4. Adilla ….. to see me last Sunday. ( come )
• 5. The pupils ….. carefully to their teacher just now.( listen )
• 6. The sweeper ….. the room this morning. ( sweep )
• 7. They ….. themselves at the picnic. ( enjoy )
• 8. We ….. our breakfast this morning. ( have )
• 9. Who ….. the bell just now? ( ring )
• 10. Who ….. the girl home yesterday?( take )
• 11. The man ….. the old fan before he left the school.( repair )
• 12. We ….. the boy who fell in the drain.( carry )
• 13. The bus ….. in front of my house yesterday ( stop)
• 14. My father …..me not to swim in the mining pool .( advise )
• 15. While it was raining, we ….. shelter under the flyover.( take )

• Rewrite the following sentences in the correct tense using the words given
in brackets.
• 1. I post the letter just now.
• …………………………………………………
• 2. Rosli works in a shoe factory two years ago.
• …………………………………………………
• 3. Jasni walks to school last Friday.
• …………………………………………………..
• 4. Wendy gets many presents last Christmas.
• …………………………………………………..
• 5. We eat and drink after the show.
• ……………………………………………………….
• 6. Jagvin , Prishvin and Allia are at the party last night.
• …………………………………………………..
• 7. I prepare lunch for my family yesterday.
• ………………………………………………….
• 8. Our grandparents visit us last week.
• ……………………………………………………..
• 9. She screams because she sees a mouse just now.
• ………………………………………………………
• 10. He is late so he misses the bus that day.
• ………………………………………………………
• 11.Mother makes breakfast and cleans the house before she left.
• …………………………………………………..
• 12. The old man dies in a road accident in 1991.
• ……………………………………………………

Sunday, 1 April 2012

WHY IS ENGLISH IMPORTANT TO YOU?

Imagine if people didn't study English. How would people be speaking and learning today? In order to sound educated and literate people need to thoroughly study English. It is also heavily needed in the business world as well as your own private world. English also teaches you to communicate and process things more accurately. If we didn't have a set English language communicating would be extremely difficult.
The main reason to study English is to sound educated and literate. In order to advance in the professional world, you must have proper English and good speech. For example, although President George W. Bush is an extremely smart and important person he at times lacks public speaking abilities. This has been a detriment to him and a big reason why people may not favor him. Where as, President Bill Clinton spoke very well and was very poplar with the people because he was able to properly connect with the public. This ties in the reason for why studying English thoroughly is important in the business world. In order to obtain a good career an advancement as well as respect from your peers you have to be literate and well educated.
An additional reason for studying English is for communication. You are much more accepted in the world if you portray yourself better. People will think of you in a better way and you will have a better chance of being accepted. You will most likely also have more opportunities in life.
In conclusion there are many reasons as to why studying English is important. One is being that you sound more educated and literate, two is to communicate properly with others, and three because it is important for career advancement and respect in the business world. Learning English never ends, there is the English dictionary that has so many words in it that most people have never even utilized or heard. Learning to properly use one new word each week is a great way to continually learn to utilize the English language.

THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

• Fill in the blanks with the correct words from the box.
• walk like likes is
• has have am wants
• write comes want are
• 1. I ………. to school every day.
• 2. Robin ….. a hamster.
• 3. Shanti ….. to wear saris.
• 4. I ….. to read a storybook.
• 5. Do you….. to dance.
• 6. Sing Fatt ….. to call his friend.
7. My father ….. home from work at 6.00 p.m.
• 8. You ….. a big house.
• 9. I ….. studying in Year 6.
• 10. These ….. the pears I bought.
• 11. You ….. with a pen.
• 12. She ….. a good singer.
• 13. My neighbour …….a new car.
• 14. I ……. a new friend in my class.
• 15. The bread vendor ……. to my village very early in the morning.
• 16. My teacher …… to tell us stories every day.
• 17. Rahim ….. hardworking boy in my class.
18. The boys …… to win the competition.
• Underline the correct words.
• 1. Halim ( cycles , cycle ) to his tuition class every day.
• 2. Leopards ( hunt, hunts) smaller animals for food.
• 3. Thunder always ( follow , follows ) lightning.
• 4. Please ( write, writes ) your name on the top right-hand corner of
the answer sheet.
• 5. Jaspreet ( water, waters ) all the plants every evening.
6. Electricians( use, uses ) pliers to cut or bend wires.
7. Padi ( grow, grows ) well in Kedah Darul Aman
• 8. People in cold countries ( wear, wears ) thick clothings.
• 9. The jockeys ( ride, rides ) their horses very well.
• 10. We ( collect , collects ) donations for the poor.
• 11. The innuits ( live , lives ) in igloos.
• 12. The children ( prefer , prefers ) rambutan to apples.
• 13.Water ( drip , drips ) from the tap even when we turn it off.
• 14. They ( sell, sells ) cakes and cookies for a living.
15. Malaysia ( export , exports ) palm oil to many countries.

Monday, 3 October 2011

Notes 2

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